LOCATION AND ACCESS
The Valdelacasa anticline extends over the provinces of Cáceres, Toledo, and Ciudad Real and is part of the district known as “La Jara” to the east of the orographical massif of Las Villuercas, which lies between the Sierra de Altamira or Sierra de los Puertos and the quartzite relief of the Sierra de la Estrella and Sierra de Sevilleja.
It can be reached from any of the roads that cross it from north to south such as the N-502 or south from the town of Puente del Arzobispo along the EX-387, from other minor roads that cross it from east to west such as the CC-20 via the Puerto de Arrebatacapas which we recommend as a vantage point, or from the EX-102 via the Puerto de San Vicente.
ATTRACTIONS OF THE VISIT
The visitor can appreciate the interesting geomorphologic features of the area such as the great Precambrian peneplain that has developed on shales and granites, the pedreras of the Sierra de Altamira, the granite boulders, the enclosed nature of the river which is a tributary of the River Tajo on the extensive peneplain that characterises the district of La Jara, and the residual relief of the quartzite sierras that border it to the east: Sierra de la Estrella, Sierra Aguda, Sierra de la Nava, and Sierra de Sevilleja.
This area also features the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition; indeed it is here that the sedimentary succession of the terminal Proterozoic and its transition to the initial Palaeozoic was described. It shows a continuous fossil record of the Ediacaran-Cambrian-Ordovician transition, which is of great paleontological importance as it includes contains some of the oldest fossils in the Iberian Peninsula. These include remains of algae, trace fossils of early metazoans (vendotaenids) and the first mineralised metazoans with a calcareous skeleton, Cloudina sp.
In the shaley terrain of La Jara with its abundant rich pastures numerous “verracos” have been found: these are zoomorphic sculptures from the Iron Age (4th century B.C.) fashioned by the livestock-rearing Vettonian people. There are magnificent examples in Villar del Pedroso and Valdelacasa that can be observed in their landscaped plazas.