The area included in the Villuercas-Ibores-Jara Global Geopark of the UNESCO holds an important example of so-called Iberian schematic art, the age of which goes back four thousand years. To date forty-one rock art stations have been described. Some of the most noteworthy are the Cueva de la Chiquita or Cueva de Álvarez in Cañamero; the Risquillo de Paulino in Berzocana, and the Cancho del Reloj in Solana de Cabañas.

Over a large part of the territory which we know today as Extremadura can be found the marks which our ancestors from six millennia ago left engraved on rock walls. In ochre and black they reflected a symbolic world in which were mixed schematic figures of animals, people, idols… and about which we know practically nothing.

This type of manifestation developed from the end of the Neolithic (4th millennium B.C.) to the Bronze Age and in some cases to the beginning of the Iron Age (1st millennium B.C.). During this time a series of transformations occurred in the life of human communities and importance began to be attached to property, the control and defence of territory, and routes. This is clear from the proliferation of fortified settlements. Also in this period aspects which had already arisen, such as sedentarisation or agriculture, became consolidated and metallurgy played an important part.

Shelters and caves began to take on a secondary role as temporary shelters or burial sites. It is in this context that schematic paintings and engravings appear. They are characterised by highly stylised and schematic representations of figures of animals and humans and also anchoriform and symbolic figures.

The paintings are habitually executed with mineral oxides in reddish colours, although also in black and exceptionally in white. The artists painted on the quartzite surface of certain shelters located in the mountain ranges or on granite. They may have used their own fingers as brushes with the help of pieces of stick for the most delicate strokes.

For their part, the engravings are representations made by pecking, incision, or abrasion on the surface of rocks generally located on riversides or at strategic points of passage. In our area thirteen examples of this type of prehistoric art have been located. Some of the most representative are those of the Cancho de Valdecastillo, of Cañamero, or of the Cerro de Santa Catalina in Alía, the last of which represent curious star-shaped forms